Respiratory Tract Infections and Antibiotic Resistance ANTRUK

Respiratory Tract Infections and Antibiotic Resistance ANTRUK

Many chest infections aren’t serious and get better within a few days or weeks. You won’t usually need to see your GP, unless your symptoms suggest you have a more serious infection. Consideration should be given to official guidance on the appropriate use of antibacterial agents.

  • Chest infections can feel similar to the common cold and the flu but symptoms are often worse and can lead to considerable discomfort.
  • Broad spectrum parenteral antibiotics are administered as per NICE guidelines together with a macrolide.
  • Doctors can measure levels of oxygen in the blood without taking a blood sample by placing a sensor on a finger or an earlobe.

The pain in his chest gets worse, as does his breathing, and Linda thinks he seems a bit confused. She becomes very concerned and takes him to their local A&E department early Thursday morning. As the department is very busy, he waits for several hours before being seen. He is triaged to the minors area of the emergency department and eventually a chest x-ray is performed.

A blood clot can be very serious if it travels to your lungs (pulmonary embolism), although this isn’t common. Tell your doctor or nurse if you have headaches, nosebleeds, blurred or double vision or shortness of breath. But your sugar levels usually go back to normal shortly after you stop taking steroids.

Signs and symptoms of a chest infection

You can find your nearest clinic to see a Medicspot doctor today or learn more about how we can help with chest infections. Pneumonia can be serious so it’s important to get treatment quickly. The most important guidance is to maintain good hygiene and follow the advice of your doctor or clinical specialist, and to let them know if your condition worsens or does not get better.

Talk to your ENT doctor about which products might be most effective for you. If your symptoms are mild then you will not normally require any treatment. You should get plenty of rest and you can take something like ibuprofen or paracetamol or aspirin to reduce any fever and help with aches and pains. Do not take cough remedies as they are likely to be counter-productive.


A CT scan suggests a stage 3 cancer that is confirmed on further investigations to be inoperable. He continues to cough and has marked malaise and significant weight loss. Jim consults his GP who he has not seen since he was last discharged from hospital; the GP assumed all was well as they thought the hospital was organising a follow-up chest x-ray. Early Friday morning Jim deteriorates rapidly and the pain in his chest gets even worse.

Epilepsy becoming worse

Some people may experience shortness of breath or wheezing, due to inflamed airways. The main airways branch off on either side of your windpipe (trachea). They lead to smaller and smaller airways inside your lungs, known as bronchioles. Symptoms are unpleasant but usually resolve on their own in seven to ten days.

Acute bronchitis is not a direct cause of its namesake, chronic bronchitis. The diagnosis of pneumonia in a person who has a weakened immune system is based on the person’s symptoms, the results of a chest x-ray or CT scan, and the results of sputum and blood tests. Most people who have P. jirovecii pneumonia develop a fever, shortness of breath, and a dry cough, often slowly.

Increased risk of infection

Multi drug resistant gram negative bacteria (MDRGNB) is a growing problem in respiratory infections. There is a limited range of antibiotics which can now treat these infections and of those which are effective, some can have undesirable side-effects. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a type of bacteria which commonly infects the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis. It is a ‘hard to treat’ and commonly resistant bug which can be difficult to completely eradicate.

The lungs may not be able to deliver sufficient oxygen to the blood, leading to shortness of breath that is sometimes severe. Some patients are also routinely given prophylactic oral antibiotics to try to minimise the number of infections they get. Your doctor may recommend that you take these for long periods or you may just be told to take them during the winter period when you may be more susceptible to chest infections.

What happens if I have a multi drug-resistant respiratory infection?

Many NHS Trusts and NHS Boards have established Community Respiratory Teams and Services where specific patients can be referred to receive specialist help and support. Some respiratory infections can cause a cough which can last for a few days or become chronic which can last for months. It is always best to speak to your doctor if you have an ongoing unexplained cough. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition that causes sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive system.

Is there lung damage already present?

Please read this information sheet from GOSH alongside the patient information leaflet (PIL) provided by the manufacturer. If you do not have a copy of the manufacturer’s patient information leaflet please talk to your pharmacist. A few products do not have a marketing authorisation (licence) as a medicine and therefore there is no PIL. Although children are usually given the chicken pox vaccine, if your child is receiving high-dose steroids we recommend siblings or other close family members have it.